Study Cycle: 1
Lecturer(s): doc. dr. Zabel Blaž, izr. prof. dr. Strahovnik Vojko
The concept of ontology and its place in philosophy. The relationship between ontology and metaphysics. Ontological issues and methods of ontology. Ontology in connection with and in relation to other philosophical disciplines. Basic concepts of ontology. Being and non-being. Types of being. Relationship: being-essence, essence-phenomenon, cause-effect, identity-difference, substance-accident, necessary-random, etc. Thing-process-substance-essence. Being as a non-generic concept. Bit and nothingness. Time and space. Self-awareness and being.
The basic philosophical question: the relationship between being and thought/thinking.
Ontology as a philosophical discipline that seeks to define being in its identity; the identity of the being in relation to reality and in relation to possibility.
About the many meanings of being. The relationship between being and cognition. A concept as a means of perceiving being. Categories and categorical definition and utterance of being. Explication of concepts in the field of philosophy. The highest being.
Ontology in the development of philosophical thought: selected authors and questions. The limits of ontology and the critique of ontology. Ontology and nihilism.
Selected ontological questions and problems (personal identity, existence of value(s), etc.).